Trailing or ascending stems from rhizomes, less than 8 in. tall, evergreen leaves turning red in winter or sometimes deciduous. Leaves 4–6 in whorl with short petioles. Above leaves is a single head of 4 whitish petal-like bracts with small flowers in center. Fruit is a tight bunch of red berries, each with 1 pit. Most common of dwarf dogwoods, bunchberry grows in deep duff of moist forests or bogs throughout western mountains. Cornus canadensis is a very similar eastern species; the name has been frequently misapplied in the Northwest.
- Rarity: Common
- Flowering Time: Late Spring, Early Summer
- Life Cycle: Perennial
- Height: 4--8 inches
- Habitat: West-Side Forest, Bog/Fen/Wetland
- Found In: Olympic Np, Mt. Rainier Np, Crater Lake Np, West Gorge, Siskiyous, N Cascades Np
- Native: Yes