Scrophulariaceae
Scrophularia lanceolata

Lance-Leaved Figwort

Clustered, erect, 4-sided, sticky stems. Leaves egg- to lance-shaped, 4–5 in. long, tapering to pointed tip, saw-toothed. Inflorescence consists of a long narrow cluster of stemmed flowers with soft hairs and glands. Flowers small, bicolored, yellowish green or brownish green tinted light maroon on upper side; 2 lobes of upper lip pointing out; 3 lobes of lower lip small, with center lobe folded outward; staminode fan-shaped, wider than long. Grows in moist meadows, streambanks, at low to mid elevations. Scrophularia californica has longer leaf petioles, upper lip of flowers with 2 dark maroon projecting lobes, staminode purple to brown, baseball bat-like to egg-shaped, longer than wide.

  • Rarity: Locally Common
  • Flowering Time: Early Summer
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Height: 20--40 inches
  • Habitat: Vernal Wet, Meadow, Coastal
  • Found In: Crater Lake NP, Wallowas, N Cascades NP, Steens, Olympic NP, Siskiyous, West Gorge
  • Native: Yes